Psychoactive differences between CBD and THC
The key difference between CBD and THC is the ability to produce a high or low level of euphoric effects when ingested. We compare CBD and THC to show the differences between these cannabinoids.
What are the effects of THC?
THC is what people associate with marijuana’s intoxicating effects. It acts as an agonist of the cannabinoid 1 receptors in the endocannabinoid systems (CB1) and is found primarily within the brain and central nervous system. The activation of CB1 receptors with THC is what causes the intoxicating effects that recreational and medical marijuana users associate with. The user will feel intoxicated due to the psychoactive and euphoric effects of activating CB1 receptors.
What are the effects of CBD?
CBD does not bind to CB1 receptors, and is therefore considered an antagonist of CB1-agonists. CBD is not capable of producing any intoxicating effects regardless of how much it’s consumed. The CB1-activating properties of compounds such as THC are also suppressed by CBD. This means that CBD can be used in combination with THC to reduce the psychoactive effects of THC.
THC vs. CBD: Where can you find it?
Both THC and CBD are found in the seeds, stalks and flowers of marijuana and hemp. Both can be found in cannabis plants. However, their distributions can vary depending on which plant they are. THC is the most abundant in marijuana while CBD is found in greater quantities in hemp. Unless otherwise noted, CBD oil products are typically made from hemp.
THC dominates Marijuana
THC is the dominant chemical component of marijuana. This dominance has been cultivated over time through genetic manipulation. Marijuana is cultivated to maximize its THC content. Growers manipulate and clone plants with a special emphasis on increasing the THC content and producing stronger intoxicating effects. Although some marijuana plants may have a low THC content, they average around 12 percent THC.
But, this average isn’t necessarily indicative of the seriousness of marijuana users. There are many strains of marijuana available at a typical marijuana dispensary. Some are as high as 30% THC.
CBD dominates hemp
THC is dominant in marijuana, but CBD is the predominant chemical component of hemp. Hemp’s THC content is less than 0.3 percent. This means that hemp contains nearly 10 times the amount of THC as the most potent strains of marijuana. Hemp has more CBD than THC, making it a great source of CBD from marijuana. Medical Marijuana, Inc. sells CBD products derived from hemp plants. We use a cutting-edge extraction method that minimizes environmental impact. We use only pure CBD and CBD oil that is potent and safe to consume.
The Molecular Differences Between CBD and THC
THC and CBD are not the only differences between them. There are also differences in the molecular structure of cannabinoids. THC and CBD are structural isomers. This means that they share the same chemical structure but have different atomic arrangements. Both compounds have a molecular formula C21H30O2 with a molecular weight of 314.5g/mol.
Only a slight difference exists in the atomic arrangement of these two cannabinoids. THC and CBD are both cyclic compounds. This means that one or more series atoms are linked to form a circle. CBD has an open ring that includes an alkene and hydroxyl group. THC, on the other hand, supports a closed ring that includes an ester group.
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